Five questions to sharpen your firefighting skills...

by Admin 28. March 2012 09:53

Hey FireIce Bloggers! FireIce Academy is back in session…

Safe firefighting practices are passed down from Ole Salty Dog Veterans to the Rookies by setting good examples on the fire ground, talking about scenes and scenarios, and explaining to the Rookie the Do’s and Don’ts.

Firefighting techniques are universal and are the same regardless where you fight fires. SOP’s may vary, but technique, safety, and safe operating procedures on the fire ground are the same.

Here are 5 questions that may help sharpen your skills!

Answers follow at the bottom…

1) Which one of the following is an incorrect answer?

A) When stretching a hose line to an upper floor of a building, do not pass a floor on fire unless a charged hoseline is in position on that floor.

B) Notify your officer when going above a fire to search for victims or vertical extension.

C) When climbing or descending a stairway between the fire floor and the floor above stay close to and face the stairwell. Heat, smoke, and flame rise vertically up the stairwell.

D) If you enter a smoke- and heat-filled room, hallway, or apartment above a fire and suspect flashover conditions behind you, locate a second exit, a window leading to a fire escape or portable ladder, before initiating the search.

2) Which one of the following is an incorrect answer?

A) At any collapse, stretch a hoseline and charge it to protect possible victims and rescuers from sudden explosion and flash fire.

B) Shut off all utilities-gas, electric, and water-immediately upon arrival at a building collapse. Do not wait for the utility company.

C) Heavy mechanical equipment, such as cranes and bulldozers, should be used to remove collapsed portions of a building while hand digging is being done nearby.

D) Parts of a structure that are in danger of collapsing during a rescue operation should be shored up, remove with a crane but never pulled down by firefighters below.

3) Which one of the following is the correct answer?

A. The firefighter's best protection against injury and death by a fall during overhaul is a properly charged flash-light.

B) The most potentially, dangerous area of local floor collapse inside a burned out residence building is the bathroom. The weight of a firefighter is enough to trigger the collapse of a fire damaged bathroom floor.

C) If flames are discovered still burning at a gas meter or broken pipe after a fire has been knocked down, extinguish the flame.

D) Full protective clothing-including mask face piece must be in place before a firefighter approaches a 20-pound propane cylinder to shut off the control valve when a small flame is burning at an outlet. There is a danger of the relief valve suddenly activating, creating a fireball that could engulf the firefighter.

4) True or False? When the wind frequently changes direction during a brushfire operation, the safest area from which to attack the fire is outside the blackened, burned-out area.

5) Arrange the priorities for removing a victim from a burning building, from best to least desired.

A) Fire Escape

B. Smoke Proof Tower

C) Aerial Platform

D) Aerial Ladder

E) Interior Enclosed Stairway
 
1) C – Is not a correct answer and will get you hurt or killed.

The correct answer is “When climbing or descending a stairway between the fire floor and the floor above, stay close to and face the WALL. Heat, smoke, and flame rise vertically up the stairwell.

2) C – Is not a correct answer and will get you hurt or killed.

The correct answer is ”Heavy mechanical equipment, such as cranes and bulldozers, should NOT be used to remove collapsed portions of a building while hand digging is being done nearby. Parts of a structure that are in danger of collapsing during a rescue operation should be shored up, remove with a crane but never pulled down by firefighters below or firefighters operating in the area.”

3) A – Is a correct answer a firefighter's best protection against injury and death by a fall during overhauling is a properly charged flash-light. No firefighter should respond to a fire without a personal light.

B - Is a correct answer the most potentially, dangerous area of local floor collapse inside a burned out residence building is the bathroom. The weight of a firefighter is enough to trigger the collapse of a fire damaged bathroom floor.

C – Is not a correct answer and will get you hurt or killed.

The correct answer is if flames are discovered still burning at a gas meter or broken pipe after a fire has been knocked down, do not extinguish the flame. Let the fire burn, protect the exposures with a hose stream, and alert command that the gas has to be shut off at a street control valve.

D – Is a correct answer and full protective clothing-including mask face piece must be in place before a firefighter approaches a 20-pound propane cylinder to shut off the control valve when a small flame is burning at an outlet. There is a danger of the relief valve suddenly activating, creating a fireball that could engulf the firefighter.

4) Is False and the correct answer is when the wind frequently changes direction during a brushfire operation, the safest area from which to attack the fire is the blackened, burned-out area.

When moving through brush during a fire, the firefighter should raise a tool or arm in front of his face as he moves forward to avoid injury by shrubbery, pointed needles, sharp leaves, or abrasive vines. Firefighters walking behind the lead firefighter should space themselves several feet apart to avoid whipping branches or leaves.

You should never enter cattails or brush that is over your head and reduces your vision. If the wind changes, you are in danger of being engulfed by fire in the brush.

Studies show that firefighters are most often killed and injured at small brushfires in isolated portions of larger fires. They are not killed by large timberland forest fires.

Firefighters are burned to death trying to outrun brush fires, or they are engulfed in flames when a brushfire suddenly flares up around them. Firefighters should attack a brushfire from the flanks-the sides of the fire area between the head, the edge along which the fire is advancing, and the rear.

The three most common injuries to firefighters during brush firefighting are eye injuries, falls, and heat exhaustion. Eye shields must be worn. Firefighters should walk on roads or well-traveled paths when possible.

5) The priorities for removing a victim from a burning building are, from highest to lowest, smoke proof tower, interior enclosed stairway, safe fire escape, aerial platform, aerial ladder or B-E-A-C-E.
We started off FireIce Academy by saying “Safe firefighting practices are passed down from Ole Salty Dog Veterans to the Rookies by setting good examples on the fire ground.”

By Rob Rosovich, Fire Protection Engineer

Photo Courtesy of Paul Combs: http://www.artstudioseven.com/index.htm

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